Entropion is when 👁 lashes & skin around the 👁 have direct contact with the cornea. It can affect both 👀 & both upper & lower eyelids. Although it can occur in 🐈 it is far more common in 🐕 .
Entropion can be congenital or acquired. Congenital entropion is generally the result of an anatomic defect while acquired entropion is generally the result of trauma or spasm.
Entropion can occur in any individual of any breed but there is probably a hereditary component to canine entropion. It’s commonly seen in Chow Chows, Shar-Peis, Bull Mastiffs, Rottweilers, Great Danes & St. Bernards
In most cases the skin & hair that rub over the surface of the 👁 result in irritation & pain. The 🐶 will often squint their eyes, have watery 👀 & pain 😣 associated with possible corneal abrasions. Chronic inflammation can result in scarring & impact vision negatively. It is common for 🐩 with entropion to paw at their 👀 due to discomfort.
The short term prognosis can be guarded if secondary trauma & self injury have occurred. Entropion & resultant inflammation can result in ulcerations or abrasions of the cornea.
The long term prognosis—with timely & appropriate intervention—is generally very good. Entropion requires surgical treatment but successful surgery means your dog should be fine.
The only way to effectively treat entropion is to surgically roll the inverted portion of the eye lid back out. In cases not occurring in conjunction with ectropion the surgical approach is generally relatively simple but can be delicate & requires an experienced surgeon. Concurrent entropion & ectropion can present a very challenging surgical problem.
Acquired or secondary entropion associated with trauma can be prevented or at least reduced by having any eye 👁 injury examined & treated.
Hereditary or congenital entropion probably has some genetic component. To prevent any hereditary condition means reducing the likelihood of transfer of the gene to the new generation. Affected individuals should be eliminated from breeding programs.
As with any illness or medical condition be sure to consult your vet at once of your 🐶 seems to be having any eye 👁 problems!