Did you know Dogs & Cats can suffer from High Blood Pressure AKA Hypertension ?
Pets with systolic blood pressures over 150 mmHg may experience negative effects & require medication or further evaluation.
Early signs of hypertension can be asymptomatic, which means a dog may not show any signs of being sick.
Early clinical signs may be interpreted as normal changes due to the aging process that can include slowing down & not eating as well.
There are 2 types of hypertension, primary & secondary hypertension.
Primary hypertension refers to hypertension without a known underlying cause, whereas secondary hypertension refers to hypertension secondary to an underlying disease.
Here are some of the underlying diseases that can commonly cause hypertension in your dog:
- Kidney disease
- Glomerular disease (a protein losing kidney disease)
- Endocrine disease
- Cushing’s disease (hyperadrenocorticism)
- Diabetes mellitus
- Acromegaly (growth hormone overproduction)
- Adrenal tumor (pheochromocytoma)
- Polycythemia (abnormal increase in red blood cells in the circulatory system)
There are several types of medications that are used in dogs to control blood pressure. The type used varies with doctor preference, degree of hypertension, underlying cause of hypertension, & concurrent diseases.
Some examples of medication include angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, such as enalapril or benazepril, calcium channel blockers like amlodipine, & adrenergic blockers that include phenoxybenzamine or prazocin.
Addressing underlying diseases associated with hypertension can prevent hypertension. Successful treatment of hypertension prevents or minimizes target organ damage.