DOGS with RED eyes = a RED FLAG !
The eye surface is called the CORNEA & is made of layers like an onion
The CORNEA is more prone to injury than the rest of the eye
Injuries to the cornea have many causes: These include Trauma , Ingrown eyelashes, Foreign material, Chemicals, Heat/Smoke , Infection, & Dry Eyes (aka KCS)
While an injury to the eye is the most common cause of a CORNEAL ULCER, certain breeds are prone to a condition known as entropion, where the eyelid rolls inwards, causing the eyelashes to irritate the cornea.
While all dogs are at risk for a corneal ulcers, breeds with prominent eyes are at greater risk & include: Pug, Boston Terrier, Pekingese, Boxer, Bulldog, Shih Tzu (brachycephalics with “smooshed in” noses & flat faces).
SIGNS of ULCERS include:
Increased Tearing, Discharge, Cloudiness, Redness, & Squinting
eyes ulcers are painful & your pet may paw at the eye. Besides the pain, an untreated corneal ulcer can lead to BLINDNESS
Your vet will examine your pet very carefully to determine if there is an ulcer of the eye. The exam may include the following:
1. Fluorescein stain, when illuminated with a special light, indicates if the eye is ulcerated
2. Tear Test
3. Eye Pressure Check
If your vet determines that your dog has an ulcer of the eye, the following treatment may be recommended:
1. Treatment of the underlying cause
2. An antibiotic eye ointment or drop
3. Optical pain medication
4. An Elizabethan collar to prevent rubbing or scratching
5. Other meds depending on the severity
6. For non-healing, chronic ulcers surgery or referral to a veterinary ophthalmologist may be necessary
It is critical that you give all the meds your vet prescribes for your best furry friend.
To help reduce your pet’s risk of eye problems, check the eyes daily for any obvious signs of irritation such as redness or tearing. Most importantly, contact your vet if you suspect your dog’s eyes look irritated or inflamed !