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Bladder stones begin as crystals that form stones within the urinary system, including the kidneys, ureters, & urethra. There are several types of bladder stones & they can fill up 80% of the bladder space! Pets can have single or multiple stones.

Some breeds that are more prone to stones include:

  • Basset Hound
  • Beagle
  • Bulldog
  • Cocker spaniel
  • Dachshund
  • Dalmatian
  • Miniature schnauzer
  • Pekingese
  • Pug
  • Welsh Corgi

Other factors that increase risk include:
Genetics, abnormal urine pH, type of diet, & urinary tract infections.

Not all pets with stones show symptoms! In fact, sometimes the discovery of bladder stones happens on a routine vet check!

If your pet is suffering from bladder stones, they may show:

  • Straining/signs of pain while urinating
  • Staying in the urinating position
  • Urinating more frequently, w/little output
  • Bloody urine, Vomiting, Loss of appetite

If your pet shows these signs, please contact your vet! Your vet will review your pet’s history, perform an exam, & recommend some tests:

  • A urinalysis & urine culture to rule out a uti & to evaluate the the kidney health
  • Blood tests to evaluate kidney, liver, & pancreatic function, as well as sugar levels
  • A complete blood count (CBC) to rule out blood-related conditions
  • Electrolyte tests to ensure your pet isn’t dehydrated or suffering from an electrolyte imbalance
  • A thyroid test to rule out hypothyroidism
  • X-rays/ultrasound of the urinary tract to identify stones, crystals, or tumors
  • A stone analysis of any stones passed in the urine or surgically removed

The ultimate goal is to dissolve the stones, remove them, & prevent them from recurring. Your vet will determine the right treatment, which can include:

  • Fluid Therapy to flush the kidneys & urinary tract
  • Antibiotic or Pain medication
  • Surgery to remove the stones
  • Prescription diets to dissolve some types of bladder stones & prevent them from recurring